The State of Children’s Health

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THE STATE OF CHILDREN’S HEALTH

More than 18,000 children under the age of 5 will die today around the world. About three-quarters of those deaths will be from preventable causes. What is the state of children’s health around the world, and who is working to make the situation better?

Starting Off On the Right Foot

Infant mortality rates are often used to measure health within a country. And as one might expect, developing countries have the worst infant mortality rates in the world. But it might be shocking to learn that while the U.S. has a healthy rate, it’s not among the top 50 countries.
Deaths of infants under 1 year old per 1,000 live births in the same year.
Afghanistan 119.41
Mali 106.49
Somalia 101.91
Central African Republic 95.04
Guinea-Bissau 92.66
Chad 91.94
Niger 87.98
Angola 81.75
Burkina Faso 78.3
Malawi 76.98
Sierra Leone 74.95
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 74.87
Mozambique 74.63
Equatorial Guinea 73.12
Nigeria 72.97
Congo, Republic of the 72.45
Liberia 70.93
South Sudan 69.97
Zambia 68.58
Gambia, The 67.63
Comoros 67.12
Uganda 62.47
Cote d’Ivoire 61.66
Rwanda 61.03
Pakistan 59.35
Burundi 58.86
Benin 58.54
Cameroon 58.51
Ethiopia 58.28
Western Sahara 57.5
Mauritania 57.48
Swaziland 57.19
Guinea 57.11
Laos 56.13
Sudan 54.23
Senegal 53.93
Cambodia 52.7
Lesotho 51.93
Yemen 51.93
Djibouti 51.77
Haiti 50.92
Sao Tome and Principe 50.48
Togo 48.28
Gabon 48.02
Bangladesh 47.3
Burma 46.31
Madagascar 46.13
Namibia 45.62
Tanzania 45.1
India 44.6
Kenya 42.18
South Africa 42.15
Nepal 41.76
Papua New Guinea 40.84
Timor-Leste 40.09
Iran 40.02
Bhutan 39.97
Bolivia 39.76
Ghana 39.7
Turkmenistan 39.48
Eritrea 39.38
Iraq 38.86
Kiribati 36.5
Tajikistan 36.16
Mongolia 34.78
Guyana 34.45
Tuvalu 32.61
Kyrgyzstan 29.73
Suriname 27.99
Azerbaijan 27.69
Zimbabwe 27.25
Indonesia 26.06
Trinidad and Tobago 25.74
Maldives 25.5
Morocco 25.49
Korea, North 25.34
Cape Verde 25.13
Guatemala 24.32
Tunisia 24.07
Egypt 23.3
Micronesia, Federated States of 22.71
Algeria 22.57
Kazakhstan 22.32
Turkey 22.23
Marshall Islands 22.15
Paraguay 21.48
Nicaragua 21.09
Samoa 20.95
Peru 20.85
Belize 20.82
Uzbekistan 20.51
Dominican Republic 20.44
Brazil 19.83
Venezuela 19.75
Vietnam 19.61
Honduras 19.28
El Salvador 19.05
Ecuador 18.48
Philippines 18.19
Armenia 17.59
Vanuatu 17.15
Solomon Islands 16.7
Mexico 16.26
Gaza Strip 16
Bulgaria 15.6
Colombia 15.46
Thailand 15.41
Jordan 15.26
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 15.25
China 15.2
Saudi Arabia 15.08
Lebanon 14.81
Cook Islands 14.81
Syria 14.63
Oman 14.46
Georgia 14.21
Montserrat 14.16
Malaysia 14.12
Jamaica 13.98
West Bank 13.98
British Virgin Islands 13.93
Antigua and Barbuda 13.72
Albania 13.65
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13.46
Moldova 13.28
Bahamas, The 12.89
Tonga 12.78
Libya 12.26
Aruba 12.12
Saint Lucia 12.07
Dominica 11.99
Palau 11.77
Turks and Caicos Islands 11.29
United Arab Emirates 11.25
Barbados 11.13
Seychelles 11.06
Panama 11.01
Mauritius 10.89
Grenada 10.81
Brunei 10.81
Fiji 10.46
Romania 10.44
Argentina 10.24
Bahrain 9.93
Botswana 9.9
Greenland 9.63
Sri Lanka 9.24
Saint Kitts and Nevis 9.2
Uruguay 9.2
American Samoa 9.15
Sint Maarten 9.05
Costa Rica 8.95
Cyprus 8.82
Nauru 8.36
Ukraine 8.24
Macedonia 8.11
Latvia 8.08
Puerto Rico 8
Kuwait 7.68
Chile 7.19
Russia 7.19
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 7.12
Virgin Islands 6.94
Estonia 6.82
Qatar 6.6
Gibraltar 6.42
Slovakia 6.35
Cayman Islands 6.35
Poland 6.3
Serbia 6.28
Lithuania 6.09
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.97
Croatia 5.96
United States 5.9
Faroe Islands 5.82
Guam 5.61
Northern Mariana Islands 5.59
New Caledonia 5.54
Hungary 5.16
Greece 4.85
French Polynesia 4.83
Canada 4.78
Cuba 4.76
New Zealand 4.65
San Marino 4.58
Taiwan 4.55
Wallis and Futuna 4.55
Portugal 4.54
United Kingdom 4.5
Australia 4.49
European Union 4.43
Liechtenstein 4.36
Luxembourg 4.33
Belgium 4.23
Isle of Man 4.22
Austria 4.21
Denmark 4.14
Slovenia 4.08
Israel 4.03
Korea, South 4.01
Jersey 3.9
Switzerland 3.8
Ireland 3.78
Andorra 3.73
Netherlands 3.69
Belarus 3.67
Czech Republic 3.67
Malta 3.62
Guernsey 3.49
Germany 3.48
Norway 3.47
Anguilla 3.42
Finland 3.38
Spain 3.35
France 3.34
Italy 3.33
Iceland 3.17
Macau 3.15
Hong Kong 2.89
Sweden 2.73
Singapore 2.59
Bermuda 2.47
Japan 2.17
Monaco 1.81
8.1%
Percent of U.S. births with low birth weight
16%
Global births with low birth weight, 96% of which are in developing countries

Surviving and Thriving

Children who survive infancy still face long odds in many parts of the world.
6.6 million
Children under 5 who died in 2012
1 in 2
Proportion of those deaths that could have been prevented with simple, affordable interventions
44%
Deaths of children under 5 that occur during the first 28 days of life
70%
Child deaths that occur in Africa and Southeast Asia
3 in 4
Child deaths worldwide caused by six largely preventable conditions:

  • Poor neonatal health
  • Pneumonia
  • Diarrhea
  • Malaria
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Measles

8 in 10
Children 5-11 in the U.S. who are in excellent or very good health
51%
Women age 20-24 who gave birth before age 18

Children’s Health in the United States

While the U.S. has some of the best health outcomes for children in the world, there are still major concerns about children’s health in America.
Best rates of children’s health among wealthiest 29 countries in the world:
Netherlands
Finland
Norway
Iceland
Sweden
Luxembourg
Austria
Slovenia
Switzerland
France
Germany
Denmark
Belgium
United Kingdom
Canada
Czech Republic
Ireland
Hungary
Estonia
Greece
Portugal
Poland
Italy
Spain
Slovakia
United States
Lithuania
Latvia
Romania
Every day in the United States:
4 children are killed by abuse or neglect
5 children/teens commit suicide
7 children/teens are killed by firearms
67 babies die before their first birthdays
892 babies are born at low birth weight
914 babies are born to teen mothers
1,208 babies are born without health insurance
2,712 babies are born into poverty

Improving Children’s Health

Several initiatives are under way to improve the health of mothers and children throughout the world.
Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5
Aims to decrease child and maternal deaths worldwide by 2015
GAVI – The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations
Global health partnership of private and public sector organizations dedicated to “Immunization for All”
Roll Back Malaria
Global strategy aimed at reducing deaths from malaria by increasing treatment and prevention tools
Stop TB
Promotes implementation of directly observed therapy short-course strategy (DOTS) to help stop TB around the world

SOURCES
http://www.who.int
http://www.unicef.org
http://www.sierraexpressmedia.com
http://www.savethechildren.org
http://www.cdc.gov
http://www.nytimes.com
http://kidscount.org
http://www.huffingtonpost.com
http://www.childrensdefense.org
http://www.cia.gov

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